1. Adult supervision is of paramount importance. Parents need to focus on their children 100% of the time. No distractions!
2. Practice “touch supervision” (a term used by the American Academy of Pediatrics). This means that at all times, the supervising adult is within an arm’s length of the child being watched, when near or in the water.
3. Remember, no child or adult is “drown proof.”
4. Keep in mind that children can drown in many different water sources including: bathtubs, toilets, buckets, baby pools, backyard swimming pools, community pools, streams, creeks, lakes, rivers, oceans and other places.
5. Avoid sun exposure during peak sun hours (10 AM – 6 PM).
6. Wear protective clothing and a wide brimmed hat and sunglasses (with 99-100% UV protection).
7. Sunscreen is a must (on sunny and cloudy days)! Look for products with UVA and UVB protection and an SPF of at least.
8. Sunscreen should be applied liberally 30 minutes before going out in the sun, and reapplied every two hours or sooner if swimming, sweating or toweling off.
9. Look for shade whenever possible.
HEAT & DEHYDRATION
10. Keeping well hydrated is very important.
11. Children (and adults) must remember to drink.
12. Do not wait until a child says he is thirsty before offering fluids. At this point, he is already dehydrated, so be sure to provide plenty of fluids before going outside, while out in the heat and afterwards.
13. Playing in the hot summer sun means lots of fluid losses, so avoid strenuous activity during peak sun hours (10 am- 6 pm). Look for shade and take lots of breaks.
14. Seek medical attention immediately for any signs of heat-related illness.